American Revolutionary War
Surrender of Lord Cornwallis
Armed Forces
United States
Continental Army
 → Commander-in-Chief
 → Regional departments
 → List of units
Continental Navy
Continental Marines
State forces
 → List of militia units
 → Pennsylvania Navy
 → Massachusetts State Navy
British Empire
List of British units
List of French units
Related topics
List of battles
Military leadership

A great number of military leaders played a role in the American Revolutionary War.

United States Edit

When the war began, the American colonists did not have a regular army (also known as a "standing army"). Each colony had traditionally provided for its own defenses through the use of local militia.

Seeking to coordinate military efforts, the Continental Congress established (on paper) a regular army—the Continental Army—in June 1775, and appointed George Washington as commander-in-chief. The development of the Continental Army was always a work in progress, and Washington reluctantly augmented the regular troops with militia throughout the war.


Continental ArmyEdit



Continental NavyEdit

Operating out of France Edit


Foreign individuals allied with the American causeEdit

British EmpireEdit


Government officialsEdit

At the head of the British forces was the King, George III, who was captain general of all forces both naval and military. It was usual for him to delegate his military powers as captain general or commander-in-chief. From 1772 to 1778 the office was vacant, but from 1778 to 1782 Sir Jeffery Amherst officiated as Commander-in-Chief with the title of General on the Staff. He was succeeded in February, 1782 by Henry Seymour Conway.

Next in importance to the Commander-in-Chief was the Secretary at War who was bidden "to observe and follow such orders and directions as he should from time to time receive from the king or the general of the forces". Not until 1783 was he a minister responsible to parliament. At the start of part of the war the secretary was Lord Barrington. He was replaced in 1778 by Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool who held this position until the fall of Lord North's government.

Commander-in-Chief, North AmericaEdit

Other military officersEdit

Canadians and other LoyalistsEdit

Rangers and Indian Department officialsEdit

French & Spanish leadersEdit

Native AmericansEdit



  • Black, Jeremy. War for America: The Fight for Independence, 1775–1783. St. Martin's Press (New York) and Sutton Publishing (UK), 1991. ISBN 0-312-06713-5 (1991), ISBN 0-312-12346-9 (1994 paperback), ISBN 0-7509-2808-5 (2001 paperpack).
  • Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. New York: McKay, 1966; revised 1974. ISBN 0-8117-0578-1.

Further readingEdit

sl:Seznam osebnosti ameriške osamosvojitvene vojne

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