File:Germany bundeslaender.png

A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government. A federation is the central government. The states in a federation also maintain the federation. Usage of the term republic is inconsistent but, as a minimum, it means a state or federation of states that does not have a monarchy.

In English, before the merger of the two German states in 1990, the phrase "Federal Republic" was often used to refer to West Germany (within its pre-1990 borders), in contrast with the German Democratic Republic, otherwise called East Germany. People have the right to vote.

List of federal republicsEdit


FederationStyleSubdivisionsHead of state
Argentina Republic Provinces of Argentina President of Argentina
Austria Republic States of Austria Federal President of Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina none Divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil Federative Republic States of Brazil President of Brazil
Comoros Union Islands of Comoros President of Comoros
Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic Regions of Ethiopia President of Ethiopia
Germany Federal Republic States of Germany President of Germany
India Republic States of India President of India
Iraq Republic Regions of Iraq President of Iraq
Madagascar Republic Provinces of Madagascar President of Madagascar
Mexico United Mexican States States of Mexico President of Mexico
FS Micronesia Federated States States of FS Micronesia President of the FS of Micronesia
Nepal Federal Democratic Republic Yet to decide by the constituent assembly President of Nepal
Nigeria Federal Republic States of Nigeria President of Nigeria
Pakistan Islamic Republic Subdivisions of Pakistan President of Pakistan
Russia Federation Subjects of Russia President of Russia
South Africa Republic Provinces of South Africa President of South Africa
Switzerland Confederation Cantons of Switzerland Swiss Federal Council
United States of America none States of the United States President of the United States
Venezuela Bolivarian Republic States of Venezuela President of Venezuela


See alsoEdit

ca:República federal da:Forbundsrepublik de:Bundesrepublik es:Federación gl:República federal it:Repubblica federale he:רפובליקה פדרלית nl:Federale republiek nds:Förbundsrepubliek pl:Republika federalna pt:República federal ro:Republică federală sv:Federation uk:Федеративна республіка

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