British America
British colony
Flag of the Netherlands
Pavillon LouisXIV
Flag of New Spain
1607-1783 British-Red-Ensign-1707
US flag 15 stars
Flag of New Spain

British-Red-Ensign-1707<p> Flag from 1707

British North America
British colonies in North America in 1775, including those taken from France in the French and Indian War.
Capital Not applicable
Language(s) English
Religion Anglicanism
Government Constitutional monarchy
 - 1607-1625 King James I
 - 1760-1783 King George III
 - Virginia Colony 1607
 - New England 1620
 - Rupert's Land 1670
 - Treaty of Utrecht 1713
 - Treaty of Paris 1763
 - Treaty of Paris 1783
Currency Pound sterling

For American people of British descent, see British American.

British America consisted of the British Empire in continental North America in the 17th century and 18th century. British America consisted of the thirteen colonies. Formally, the British Colonies in North America were known as "British America" and the "British West Indies" until 1783, when Britain recognized the United States of America as a sovereign nation. After that, "British North America" (or, simply, "Canada") were used to describe the remainder of Britain's continental North American possessions. (The term "British North America" was first used informally in 1783, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report.)

At the start of the American Revolution in 1775, the British Empire included twenty colonies north and east of New Spain (Present day areas of Mexico and the Western United States). East Florida and West Florida were ceded to Spain in the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the American Revolution, and then ceded by Spain to the United States in 1819. All but one of the remaining colonies of British North America joined together from 1867 to 1873 forming Canada. Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949.

List of colonies in 1775Edit

The Thirteen Colonies that formed the original United States of America:

Colonies that became a part of the British North America

Other British Loyalist colonies (1763-1783) that eventually became part of the United States of America, which were ceded by Britain to Spain in 1783:

See alsoEdit

fr:Amérique du Nord britannique no:Britisk Nord-Amerika

sv:Brittiska Nordamerika

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